H3C Magic NX54 disassembly

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A, unboxing and disassembly

Outer packaging.


Remove the router body and accessories.


This is the form into the package, the normal placement is standing, the external six antennas:


A network cable was sent with it. The output specification of the power supply is 12V/2A, and the measured power is 8.1W in standby.


Back interface 1 Gigabit WAN port and 3 Gigabit LAN ports.


Put the antenna away will facilitate the disassembly, separate the housing can see the motherboard.NX54拆机评测


Both the 2.4G and 5G antennas are detachable so that the motherboard can be removed:


There is a large heatsink here that is longer than the length of the motherboard and does a good job of cooling.


This large radiator somehow to take down, so I gave up for fear of too violent and damaged. Recently the hand are worse!

I call the top of the one that sees the net port the front of the motherboard:


The back of the motherboard is also the side seen when the shell is removed, where there is a shield


The middle right of the location of a silver reflective material, is a wave-absorbing material, the role of shielding electromagnetic signals, as follows.


There is a cool chip in the lower left corner of the picture above, screen printed with “OMF17 NW873”, from NW873 can find out the specific model of this chip is MT29F1G01ABBFDWB-IT:F, is a magnesium NAND flash memory, capacity 128MB.

OK, back to the front of the motherboard, remove all the shields, visible below each shield have thermal grease spacers:.


The CPU model is Qualcomm IPQ5018, dual-core 1GHz with single-core 12-thread NPU, and integrated 2x2mimo 2.4G wireless chip.

Next to the CPU is the memory chip, from the above silkscreen D9SHD can find out the specific model is MT41K256M16TW-107, magnesium DDR3-1866 memory, capacity is 512MB.


Since the CPU is integrated with wireless functions, there will be RF circuitry next to the CPU, which can be seen from the IPQ5018 chip leading to two 2.4G, and the periphery of the two FEM chips.

2.4G FEM chip above the silkscreen 8239S, the model number is KCT8239S, as follows.


The parameters of KCT8239S are as follows.

Integrated high performance 2.4GHz PA, LNA with bypass, and T/R switch
Fully-matched input and output
Integrated Power Detector
Output power:

+20dBm @ DEVM=-43dB, HE40/MCS11, 5V
+20.5dBm @ DEVM=-40dB, HE40/MCS11, 5V
+22dBm @ DEVM=-35dB, VHT40/MCS9, 5V
+23dBm @ DEVM=-30dB, HT20/MCS7, 5V
Transmit gain: 29dB at 5V
Receive gain: 19dB at 5V
Noise Figure: 2.6dB at 5V
ESD protection circuitry on all PINs
Minimal External Components Required
Small package: MIS-16L, 3×3×0.55mm (MSL1, 260 oC per JEDEC J-STD-020)
ROHS and REACH Compliant


The output power is +22 dBm at 256-QAM (-35 dB Dynamic EVM) and +20 dBm at 1024-QAM (-43 dB Dynamic EVM).

To the right of the CPU is a switch chip, model QCA8337-AL3C.


The QCA8337-AL3C is connected to the CPU IPQ5018 with a 1G PHY.

Now look at the 5G chip, which is on the right side of the switch chip. The model number is QCN9074, which is Qualcomm’s highest specification 5G Wi-Fi 6 wireless chip so far. Wireless band capacity of 512 units, support OFDMA number of users 37, can be understood as a wireless data packet stuffed into 37 different terminals data packets, 37 terminals at the same time transmission, the effect is to reduce wireless latency.

QCN9074 can support 4096-QAM at 2×2,mimo, making the maximum 5G rate of Xiaomi 11, a phone that can reach 2882Mbps, and only QCN9074 and QCN9024 currently support 4096-QAM.

5G external with a quad FEM chip, model KCT8539S-1.


The parameters of KCT8539S-1 are as follows.

Integrated 802.11ax 5GHz PA, LNA with bypass and T/R switch
Fully-matched input and output
Integrated power detector
Transmit gain: 32dB at 5V
Receive gain: 14.5dB at 5V
Noise Figure: 2.8dB at 5V
Output power:

+19.5dBm @-43dB DEVM, HE160//MCS11, 5V
+21dBm @-40dB DEVM, HE160//MCS11, 5V
+22.5dBm @-35dB DEVM, VHT80/MCS9, 5V
+23.5dBm @-30dB DEVM, HT20/MCS7, 5V
Integrated 2.4GHz Notch Filter
ESD protection circuitry on all PINs
Minimal external components required
Small package: MIS16-pin, 3mm x 3mm x0.55mm (MSL3, 260 oC per JEDEC J-STD-020)
ROHS and REACH Compliant

Output power +22.5 dBm at 256-QAM (-35 dB Dynamic EVM) and +19.5 dBm at 1024-QAM (-43 dB Dynamic EVM).

By leading from the wireless chip two circuits, one is Tx, one is Rx, here are three, the first in the article is the location of the red arrow in the figure below, it is connected to the U14 and QCN074, U14 (red box in the figure below) is an RF power coupler. Its role is to transmit a small part of the power, about 1% or so, feedback to the QCN9074, used as a calibration of the transmit power.



Below the 5G chip and a power management chip, the model number is MP5496. as follows.


The MP5496 is a complete power solution that integrates four high-efficiency step-down DC/DC converters, five low dropout (LDO) regulators, and a flexible logic interface.

The MP5496 minimizes the number of external components used and comes in a space-saving 28-pin QFN (4mmx4mm) package.

Using I2C or OTP, users can use the MP5496 to set buck and LDO output voltages, MODE, buck1 and buck 3 current limits, and enable functions for all buck converters and LDOs (ENBUCK/LDO).

So far H3C Magic NX54 disassembly is complete, and finally summarize the chip model.


The following is a review of the H3C Magic NX54.

Packet forwarding performance test

Testing the packet forwarding performance can roughly understand the CPU performance, but this performance will be affected by the firmware function in addition to the hardware factor.

Using the MiniSMB tester, I350-T4 connects one network port to the WAN port of H3C Magic NX54 and one network port to the LAN port to test the 64byte packet forwarding rate from WAN to LAN. The result is the value in the red box in the following figure.


990Kpps, at which point the CPU usage averages 15.2%. (The forwarding rate for a gigabit port running full 64byte packets is 1488Kpps)

Two other routers, also IPQ5018, were brought out for comparison, as shown in the following table.


H3C Magic NX54 is very close to Xiaomi AX6000.

At present, we have not encountered any IPQ5018 products that can run at full 64byte packet line speed. But even 500Kpps is enough. In the daily use of the network, various sizes of packets coexist.

The H3C Magic NX54 can run at full line speed at 256byte.

.256byte 下行

Look at line 7 of the above chart, it has reached 990Mbps, gigabit no pressure.

Three, wireless signal strength test

Signal strength test is used to use other models to compare, unless very lazy la.

The comparison model is Xiaomi AX6000.


The two above are IPQ5018, 5G chip are a little different, H3C Magic NX54 with QCN9074, Xiaomi AX6000 with QCN9024. QCN9074 than QCN9024 a little more advanced, the difference is the wireless band capacity and OFDMA user number, other parameters are the same.

Both of them are external six antennas. The wireless signal strength is measured to see how much difference there is between the two.

Both the 2.4G and 5G wireless channels are set to 9 and 44, placed in the “WIFI” position in the figure below, after testing one off and move away, and then put the other in the original position to test the power on, to avoid interference and location of the two units placed close together is not absolutely uniform.


The computer with Intel AX200 wireless card is placed in the above figure in four positions A, B, C, D. Each position each wireless signal recording time of 3 minutes, because the value of the signal strength is not a fixed value, but a curve that changes continuously every second.

The wireless signal strength test results of the two units are as follows.


2.4G and 5G signals are stronger in the H3C Magic NX54 at point A, which is separated by a wall.


At point B, two walls away, the 2.4G signal is still stronger with the H3C Magic NX54, while the 5G signal strength is about the same between the two.


At the location of point C, which is 11 meters away in a straight line, the 2.4G signal is still strong for the H3C Magic NX54, and the 5G signal is also a little stronger for the H3C Magic NX54.


Finally, downstairs in the D-point location, the 2.4G and 5G signal strengths of the two are basically the same.

From the four locations, most of the H3C Magic NX54 signal is stronger, but a strong signal does not necessarily mean that the speed is also fast. So the next step is to test the wireless speed!


Fourth, the wireless speed test in different locations

Wireless speed test also joined the Xiaomi AX6000 for comparison, using AX200 (using a set of antennas of ASUS PCE-AC88), Xiaomi 10, Xiaomi 11, Apple SE2, the four wireless clients for wireless speed test. The router’s WAN port is connected to a self-built speedtst speed measurement server. Because H3C Magic NX54 does not support 2.5G WAN port, in order to be a fair comparison, Xiaomi AX6000 WAN port with 1G network port.

The four clients are also measured in four different locations in the front, each location each signal connection speed test 6 times, and finally take the average value for reference.

The connection schematic of each device is as follows.

NX54 speedtest

1、AX200 speed measurement results

All the results are shown in the following table.


The 5G averages are as follows.


AX200 supports 160MHz, which makes even if point A, which is separated by one wall, point B, which is separated by two walls, and point C, which is 11 meters away in a straight line, this 5G downlink speed reaches the limit of the gigabit WAN port, when the bottleneck is not the 5G wireless, but the gigabit network port.

This is the advantage of supporting 160MHz bandwidth, of course, your network card or cell phone should be supported to do so.

The 2.4G average is as follows.


The 2.4G speed at point C is obviously faster than the H3C Magic NX54, but downstairs at point D it is faster than the Xiaomi AX6000.

Perhaps you will have questions about why I test 2.4G speed only 2 locations? Because the measurement of 2.4G can only be tested before noon, other times to do 2.4G speed measurement will be very unstable, the maximum error can vary by 10 times, especially in the evening time period.


2, Xiaomi 11 cell phone speed measurement results

Xiaomi 11 also supports 160MHz bandwidth and also supports 4K-QAM (4096-QAM), making the maximum wireless rate higher than Intel AX200.

All results are tabulated below.


The 5G averages are as follows.


In the A and B points, Xiaomi 11 5G downlink speed are reached the limit of the gigabit network port, in the C point location of the two routers down to more than 600 megabytes of downlink speed, because the phone’s WIFI power is not as good as wireless network card ah. A, B, C three locations of the downlink speed of both about the same.

Downstairs in point D position, Xiaomi AX6000 is a bit faster than H3C Magic NX54.

2.4G average is as follows.


The difference between the two 2.4G is not much, and the overall view is that the Xiaomi AX6000 is faster.

3, Xiaomi 10 cell phone speed measurement results

Xiaomi 10 can only support 80MHz, so the wireless rate will be twice as low as Xiaomi 11.

All the results are shown in the table below.


The 5G averages are as follows.NX54拆机评测

Xiaomi 10 speed measurement, at point A location, the downlink speed of the two is about the same, only 80MHz bandwidth, across a wall can also reach the limit of the gigabit network port.

At point B and C, the 5G speed of H3C Magic NX54 are faster than Xiaomi AX6000, but at point D downstairs, it was overtaken by AX6000.


4、Apple SE2 cell phone speed measurement results

Apple phones are not supported 160MHz, the highest rate is the same as Xiaomi 10.

All the results are listed below.


The 5G averages are as follows.NX54评测


At points B and C, the H3C Magic NX54’s 5G average speed is a bit faster than the Xiaomi AX6000, while downstairs at point D it is the Xiaomi AX6000 that is a bit faster.

The average 2.4G speed is as follows.


Apple’s 2.4G Wi-Fi does not support 40MHz, so the 2.4G rate is relatively low one, which directly leads to a large reduction in speed.

Downstairs both speed is the same, at the C point position is H3C Magic NX54 fast.


Why use 4 different devices to test the speed of the wireless router? Because the antenna design of each phone a placement angle is not the same, so there will be different wireless performance in a long-distance environment. Unless there is a huge difference in wireless performance between the two, it is difficult to have an overwhelming win on the side of existence. And I’m looking for each other are looking for about the same price.

From the above measured data, the Xiaomi AX6000 has better uplink speed performance.

V. Summary

H3C Magic NX54 official price of $ 90, 512MB memory will be twice as large as XDR5430, do not worry about the memory is not enough, although the output power of the 5G FEM chip compared to the Xiaomi AX6000 with QPF4588 to be lower, but the actual speed difference in the same level of the three positions is not obvious, the obvious difference is in the downstairs D point of 5G uplink speed up.

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